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Create and use a struct in storage

Learn how to write a struct to manage your storage values.


Create a struct in StorageValue and use it on on_initialize.

Use cases#

Keep track of different accounts and balances for testing a pallet.


Creating a struct of similarly grouped storage items is a neat way to keep track of them. They can be easier to reference than keeping individual StorageValue items separate this way. In addition, they can be used to ease testing and genesis configuration.

This guide steps through the procedure of creating a struct in storage which:

  • keeps track of an initial amount (issuance)
  • keeps track of the account that receives that amount (minter)
  • keeps track of an account that can burn some amount (burner)
  • is (partially) used in on_initialize


1. Create a your struct#

Call it MetaData and declare its different types:

#[derive(Clone, Encode, Decode, Eq, PartialEq, RuntimeDebug, Default)]
pub struct MetaData<AccountId, Balance> {
issuance: Balance,
minter: AccountId,
burner: AccountId,

2. Declare the struct as a storage item#

Use StorageValue to declare the struct as a new single item in storage:

#[pallet::getter(fn meta_data)]
pub(super) type MetaDataStore<T: Config> = StorageValue<_, MetaData<T::AccountId, T::Balance>, ValueQuery>;

3. Configure GenesisConfig and GenesisBuild#


Use #[pallet::genesis_config] to declare the admin account that you'll use in your to initialize values from your MetaData struct:

// Declare `admin` as type `T::AccountId`.
pub struct GenesisConfig<T: Config> {
pub admin: T::AccountId,
// Give it a default value.
#[cfg(feature = "std")]
impl<T: Config> Default for GenesisConfig<T> {
fn default() -> Self {
Self {
admin: Default::default(),


Use #[pallet::genesis_build] to initialize the values of your struct, using admin to initialize the values of type T::AccountId:

impl<T: Config> GenesisBuild<T> for GenesisConfig<T> {
fn build(&self) {
MetaDataStore::<T>::put(MetaData {
issuance: Zero::zero(),
minter: self.admin.clone(),
burner: self.admin.clone(),

4. Use the struct in on_initialize()#

Assign an amount to the issuance field of MetaData to be initialized when the chain is launched:

fn on_initialize(_n: T::BlockNumber) -> Weight {
let mut meta = MetaDataStore::<T>::get();
let value: T::Balance = 50u8.into();
meta.issuance = meta.issuance.saturating_add(value);
// Add the amount to the `minter` account in storage.
Accounts::<T>::mutate(&meta.minter, |bal| {
*bal = bal.saturating_add(value);



How-to guides#

Rust docs#

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